Anabolism is a constructive metabolic process which synthesizes more complex bodies from simpler ones utilizing energy. The simpler molecules act as building blocks to form more complex cellular structures. This process produces growth and differentiation of cells thereby increasing the body size. Anabolic activities are prominent at a young age and gradually slows down in the later age.
Growth of the body parts like muscles and bones are anabolic. The process can be classified into two categories i.e. hypertrophy and hyperplasia. Hypertrophy occurs when the cell increases in size. There is an increase in protein synthesis and so the volume increases. It occurs through strength training, weight lifting, etc. age, sex, and diet affect hypertrophy. Hyperplasia refers to the increase in the number of cells in tissue as a result of cellular proliferation. Hyperplasia occurs to meet the demands of wound healing, replacement of skin cell, etc.
In bodybuilding and strength sports, these processes are used for the purpose of increasing the muscles to enhance performance. There are anabolic hormones which stimulate and promotes muscle growth and repairs damaged tissues. Anabolic hormones are Growth hormone, Insulin and testosterone. They are responsible for muscle growth, strength gain, endurance, and better bone mass. Apart from these functions, they are responsible for various functions like pancreatic health, skin health, reproductive organs, and overall health.
Anabolic steroids are used by athletes to improve performance. Steroids work mostly by the process of hypertrophy, which causes the muscles to swell. Steroids use three mechanisms to produce its effects - It increases protein synthesis tremendously. It suppresses the catabolic effects of natural hormones which control protein synthesis. Steroids psychologically impact its users to work harder. It leads to overexertion, tendon rupture and rhabdomyolysis, a condition in which damaged muscle tissues are excreted in the urine.
Unlike steroids, Sarms do not suppress natural hormones. It promotes the growth of muscles without affecting health. Sarms repairs damage muscle tissues by the process of hyperplasia. This is the unique trait that makes Sarms the best performance-enhancing supplement.